About Prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate gland, a gland between the penis and bladder which produces a fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. It is the most common type of cancer in men.
Prostate cancer usually stay confined to the prostate where it does not cause any major harm but in some cases the prostate cancer cells spread by breaking away from the prostate tumor.
Prostatectomy is the surgery to treat prostate cancer. It involves surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland. This operation is also done for other cancers of the pelvis as well as benign conditions that cause urinary retention.
Symptoms of prostate cancer
Some of the symptoms that you can look out for that might indicate you have prostate cancer are-
● Dull pain in the lower pelvic area
● Trouble urinating, pain, burning, or weak urine flow
● Blood in the urine and semen
● Painful ejaculation
● Pain in the lower back, hips or upper thighs
● Loss of appetite and weight
● Discomfort in the pelvic area
● Erectile dysfunction
If you have the above symptoms, you doctor is likely to take a few tests and ask a few questions to be certain. These may include -
● Asking about the symptoms and medical history to determine the exact condition.
● Blood tests to access PSA levels.
● Urine tests
● Physical examination- which includes a digital rectal exam.
● A biopsy
● A PCA3 tests
● A transrectal ultrasound
Top prostate cancer treatment center
- Max superspeciality hospital, Vaishali
- Sakra world hospital, Bangalore
- Nanavati hospital, Mumbai
Prostate cancer stages
The stages help in describing how far the cancer has spread. These stages are-
● Stage I- When the cancer is small and still in the prostate.
● Stage II- Cancer is more advanced but still in the prostate.
● Stage III- When the cancer has spread to the outer parts of the prostate or to the bladder and the rectum.
● Stage IV- The cancer has spread to distant organs or lymph nodes.